Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 48 Page 49 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55 Page 56 Page 57 Page 58 Page 59 Page 60 Page 61 Page 62 Page 63 Page 64 Page 65 Page 66 Page 67 Page 68 Page 69 Page 70 Page 71 Page 72 Page 73 Page 74 Page 75 Page 76 Page 77 Page 78 Page 79 Page 80 Page 81 Page 82 Page 83 Page 84 Page 85 Page 86 Page 87 Page 88 Page 89 Page 90 Page 91 Page 92 Page 93 Page 94 Page 95 Page 96 Page 97 Page 98 Page 99 Page 100 Page 101 Page 102 Page 103 Page 104 Page 105 Page 106 Page 107 Page 108 Page 109 Page 110 Page 111 Page 112 Page 113 Page 114 Page 115 Page 116 Page 117 Page 118 Page 119 Page 120 Page 121 Page 122 Page 123 Page 124 Page 125 Page 126 Page 127 Page 128 Page 129 Page 130 Page 131 Page 132 Page 133 Page 134 Page 135 Page 136 Page 137 Page 138 Page 139 Page 140 Page 141 Page 142 Page 143 Page 144 Page 145 Page 146 Page 147 Page 148 Page 149 Page 150 Page 151 Page 152 Page 153 Page 154 Page 155 Page 156 Page 157 Page 158 Page 159 Page 160 Page 161 Page 162 Page 163 Page 164 Page 165 Page 166 Page 167 Page 168 Page 169 Page 170 Page 171Rio de Janeiro, with the first fully–integrated public information management centre in the world, has emerged as one of the 2011 winners of IBM’s Smarter Cities Challenge, a competitive grant programme in which IBM is awarding a total of US$50 million worth of technology and services to 100 municipalities worldwide over the next three years. IBM,theUS–headquarteredinformation andcommunicationtechnologycompany,is workingwithgovernmentsthroughoutthe worldonitsSmartCitiesprogramme,which isdesignedtoencouragetheuseoftechnology toimprovecities’healthcare,traffic,security, utilities,governmentservicesandeducation systems.Winnersofthechallengefeature onthewebsiteCityForward,whichprovides easy–to–usedatatohelppolicymakersmake moreinformeddecisionstoimproveservices thatcanmaketheircitizensandbusinesses healthier,happier,safer,moreproductiveand prosperous. The 24 winners were announced in 2011. ‘We selected these cities because of their commitment to the use of data to make better decisions, and for their desire to explore and act on smarter solutions to the their most pressing concerns,‘ said Stanley S. Litow, IBM vice president of Corporate Citizenship & Corporate Affairs, and President of IBM’s Foundation. Rio de Janeiro’s information management centre means that since the end of 2010, its residents need no longer feel so threatened by natural disasters caused by hard–hitting weather. The new Rio Operations Center addresses everything from prediction, mitigationandpreparedness,totheimmediate responsetoevents,andcapturesfeedbackfrom the system to be used in future incidents. Anagreementhasbeensignedbetween thecitygovernmentandIBM,whichhas culminatedinatechnologicalsystemlinking datafrommultiplegovernmentdepartments andpublicagencieswiththeaimofimproving publicsafetyandallowingfaster,improved responsivenesstoeventssuchasflashfloods andlandslides. A key aspect of the centre is the cutting edge PMAR weather forecasting and hydrological modelling system, introduced in the first half of 2011. With this technology, heavy rain can be predicted with increased accuracy up to 48 hours in advance and the consequential effects on the city can be analysed. The system uses data gathered from topographical surveys, historical rainfall logs, the river basin and radar feeds, then the numbers are crunched and the likelihood of flash floods and even the effect on traffic can be determined. Thetechnologyisnotlimitedtoweather forecastingandcanbeappliedtocityevents suchasthemassexitoffootballfansfromthe stadiumortheknock–oneffectsofatraffic accidentontheroads.‘Wearecreatinga foundationalITplatformthatwillsoonbe abletogatherdataonallincidentsandevents occurringinthecity,’saidPedroAlmeida, SmarterCitiesDirectorforIBMBrazil. OnawiderscaleinLatinAmerica,digital technologyisbeingusedtopredictandforesee wherenaturaldisastersandlandmovements mayoccur.Geographicalinformation systems(GIS)mapsarebecomingmoreeasily Built via an agreement between the Rio de Janiero city government and IBM, the Rio Operations Centre is one of the most sophisticated urban monitoring and simulation centres in the world. 135 home REGIONAL SOLUTIONS LATIN AMERICA